Implementing the UN Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security
There are 7 UN resolutions.
- Resolution 1325 (2000) was the first UN Security Council resolution (SCR) to link women to the peace and security agenda. It recognizes that women are disproportionately affected by conflict and calls for their active participation at all levels of decision-making in conflict prevention, conflict resolution, peace processes, post-conflict peace building and governance. SCR 1325 further calls for the effective protection of women from sexual and gender-based violence in conflict settings, for the mainstreaming of gender perspectives in all aspects of peace operations, and for the promotion of women’s rights and gender equality.
- Resolution 1820 (2008) was the first SCR to recognize conflict-related sexual violence as a matter of international peace and security. It calls for armed actors to end the practice of using sexual violence against civilians to achieve political or military ends, and for all parties in conflict to counter impunity for sexual violence and provide effective protection for civilians. It also calls on the United Nations and peace operations to develop mechanisms to prevent and respond to sexual violence, including through training of personnel, deployment of more women to peace operations, enforcement of zero-tolerance policies and strengthening the capacities of national institutions.
- Resolution 1888 (2009) strengthens the implementation of SCR 1820 through assigning leadership and establishing effective support mechanisms. It calls for the appointment of a Special Representative of the Secretary-General to coordinate UN efforts to address conflict-related sexual violence, as well as for the rapid deployment of teams of experts and advisors to situations of concern. SCR 1888 also calls for the inclusion of the issue of sexual violence in peace negotiations, the development of approaches to address the effects of sexual violence, and improved monitoring and reporting on conflict trends and perpetrators.
- Resolution 1889 (2009) addresses obstacles to women’s participation in peace processes and peace building, as prescribed in SCR 1325. It calls for the UN Secretary-General to submit to the Security Council a set of indicators for use at the global level to track implementation of SCR 1325. It also calls for the strengthening of national and international responses to the needs of women and girls in conflict and post-conflict settings.
- Resolution 1960 (2010) provides an accountability system for implementation of SCRs 1820 and 1888. It mandates the Secretary-General to list in the annexes to annual reports those parties credibly suspected of committing or being responsible for patterns of sexual violence in situations on the Council’s agenda. Relevant sanctions committees will be briefed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, and may take action against listed parties. SCR 1960 also calls for the establishment of monitoring, analysis, and reporting arrangements specific to conflict-related sexual violence.
- Resolution 2106 (2013) Affirms that sexual violence, when used or commissioned as a method or tactic of war or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate and prolong situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security. It further notes that sexual violence can constitute a crime against humanity or a constitutive act with respect to genocide; and further points out that rape and other forms of serious sexual violence in armed conflict are war crimes, also recognizing sexual violence in conflict can also affect men and boys, as well as the community-wide trauma that sexual violence can inflict. It again stresses women’s participation as essential to any prevention and protection response.
- Resolution 2122 (2013) Reaffirms the Council’s commitment to combating sexual violence in armed conflict and the full and consistent implementation of resolution 1325 and other resolutions on women, peace and security at the regional, national and local levels, including the development of action plans and implementation frameworks, including through strengthened monitoring, evaluation and coordination.Source: NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security updates